Though I shoot exclusively in RAW and edit all within the same Lightroom/Photoshop platform, at some point I end up saving my files to jpg. Whilst I’ve always understood that that first save to jpg inflicts some pixel damage to the image, I hadn’t fully appreciated that the loss of quality stacks with each subsequent save to jpg. A little while back, having been told about the effect, I thought I’d run a test – repeatedly saving, reloading and resaving a series of my images to jpg to see what happened.
The white figures indicate the number of repeated jpg saves.
At this scale the artifacts weren’t obvious for the first few saves. Seen at 100% or greater areas of the sky had become unacceptably degraded by as few as five saves, exhibiting the kind of level of damage seen at 10 saves in examples of this scale. The damage is a result of the jpg’s compressed nature. Keeping files in RAW, PSD or other non-compressed file formats will preserve quality and prevent this kind of degradation.
What with work and family travel, I often end up shooting my street portraits at night. Of course, it’s a lot more sociable when on holiday with my daughter and wife to shoot once they’re asleep, and with an intense, gripping job it’s not possible at lunchtime in the week. For street portraiture, however, the night offers both challenge and opportunity in terms of mood and light. In busier areas, strangers can be more open to shooting a portrait; there’s a permissive openness to the night perhaps, that leaves people more willing to take a risk – in terms of participation and expression.
Whilst the dark shadow and eerie glow of streetlamps or cars can be a fantastic tool in reinforcing this mood, there is challenge too. If setting up for a sharp shot handheld, one can easily end up with a black background that fails to express the strange nocturnal world in its full, nuanced glory.
My headshots are shot almost exclusively with the Canon 100mm f/2.8 L Macro on a 5D iii. On that lens and camera, to get the DOF and background detail I want from a night portrait, within the constraints of a maximum acceptable ISO (1600 for colour) and slowest acceptable handheld shutter (1/50 given the 100mm and IS, I prefer 1/100), I end up shooting around the f/3.2, 1/50 – 1/100 and ISO 1600. That gives the background a dark, miscreant glow – perhaps still needing a kick of shadow +50 or similar in Lightroom, but in the right region for the mood I’m after for the background.
The trouble is those are pretty sensitive settings.
You need your flash to be on minimum power, yet can easily overexpose a subject even then. It’s especially tricky if you want your light close (and therefore softer). I now put a diffuser on the flash to get rid of more light. Softboxes being too efficient, I recently moved to shoot through umbrellas in a bid to waste more light still and bring the effective flash power down additional stops.
When I made that switch, I discovered something else – that one could place the umbrella in front of a street lamp to create a strangely blended light. The street lamp, likely carrying the temperature/tint of your foreground ambient light, mixes with the flash to create a soft, smooth, better harmonised output. On sensitive settings with weakened flash, streetlamps can throw pretty harsh shadows under noses or chins or within eye sockets. Umbrellas are perfect for blocking streetlamps, being close and wide, yet a powerful streetlamp still kicks enough light through the umbrella to assist in focusing, whilst blending the colour of the light as noted above.
This was the principle used in the large shot of Rosie at the top of this post – a stranger encountered in Soho – lit with an umbrella boomed out over her to block a street lamp by her friend Lois.
To better demonstrate the difference of this technique, here are a couple of shots of a Paris stranger – kind enough to stop with her friend. I sadly lost my email notes from the trip, and have forgotten her name, for which I apologise. (If you’re reading here please do email me or comment below – I have you and your friend’s shots processed and ready to send to you! Sorry not to give you named credit here!).
Sadly I did things backwards here. The first/left most shot uses the technique described above. A 43″ white shoot through umbrella is blocking a powerful streetlight (as well as projecting a minimum power flash from Canon 600EX-RT speedlite). There is, to my eye, a nicely balanced warmth to the stranger and her background.
The second/right shot is taken a few moments later, having moved forward from the wall for a better blur, but having forgotten in doing so to ensure the street lamp was fully blocked. The settings and flash were identical. However, you can see the impact in terms of harsher, unflattering shadows and a nasty mix of light temperatures. Try as I might I could not recreate the temperature of the first shot – the mix of cooler flash and green/orange street light undermining any simple attempt to manipulate the white balance without a grueling series of masks and layers in Photoshop.
I hope this idea helps people setting out to shoot portraits at night. I’m looking at larger umbrellas again to help waste flash power and better mask out/mix in street lamps and the like. Hopefully I will have more examples for you shortly!
I currently light paint with a couple of high power LED’s – one to light objects in the scene, a military spec Lenser LED, and one more modest, unbranded unit to draw lines in the scene when shooting images like these;
A couple of months back I managed to drop the second of the two in a Slovenian river, leading to its near death. Whilst frantically unscrewing and shaking it in an attempt to bring it back to full life, I discovered the entire lens element could be removed, leaving a strangely naked LED unit exposed to a full 180 degrees sweep of reality.
Wonderfully compact, and now working perfectly again, the tiny LED is capable of producing a quite bizarre world of light – at once vast and smooth, yet titanium hard. The full 180 degree area of effect is more like a cloud of light than a beam per se – used at night outdoors it offers an incredibly even pool of light in all directions, falling away over some 40 feet or so. As an example, here’s how the beams look on a wall – first the original through the lens element, and then the bare LED;
What you can’t see in the second image is the huge misty expanse of light sweeping endlessly away, effortlessly smooth. It appears a deceptively soft light, yet – as one would expect from such a tiny light source (3mm x 3mm perhaps), it is in fact insanely hard. The shadows it creates are edged as if cut from black card with a craft knife. What’s more, as it’s so very, very tiny, and so very, very wide it still creates these hard shadows even when placed point blank to whatever obstacle you choose to use to throw them. Here’s a quick example – the first shot with the LED held above the (iPhone) camera, then second held lower, below the foliage, and thus throwing up a dense thicket of shadowy leaves and stalks onto the white wall. All that’s changed is the position of the light – 3-4 feet lower in the second.
Being able to place it so close allows you to fill a whole garden – even a large one – with a hard, shadowy tangle of leaves and thorns, even if given just a foot or so of bramble to cast from, or turn normal banisters into a vast foreboding wall of prison-dark bars, or a shimmering net of energy by shining through a glass door.
I’m still working out quite what to use this learning for in terms of “portfolio images”. For the moment, I’m just happy to have discovered the possibility and to be exploring it. Walking around a house or garden, LED held low and open creates some wildly spooky shadows. Also – it’s a good reminder of the difference between “even” light and “soft” light; all too easy to mistake a superficially similar until one puts a model in them. Hopefully those of you who haven’t discovered this already will find the idea – I don’t think it’s practical enough to call it a “tip” yet – interesting and will enjoy exploring it. If you do, I’d love to see the images that come from it!
A couple of years ago, I was struck by a neat Zen quote; “The difference between a master and a novice is 10,000 mistakes.” It was around about the time I read Malcolm Gladwell’s Outliers: The Story of Success, sketching the general requirement for one to invest 10,000 hours in mastering a cognitive skill, and so it particularly struck.
In shooting these, however, I was always looking for a shot to add to the portfolio. Little by little, I realise, that experimental has fallen away. I’ve recently started listening to the awesome Martin Bailey Photography podcast, and stumbled across this interview with David duChemin about his ebook The Visual Imagination. You can check it out here – it’s fantastic, like all of Martin’s podcasts, and like every interview I’ve listened to with the relentlessly inspiring David duChemin.
They explore the idea of play in practice. Taking shots to practice, to learn, to enjoy, to play – without any express intention to catch any lasting portfolio shots. The notion resonated with what I used to do, but have increasingly formalised, so I thought I’d head out to play around with a flash and some subjects on my doorstep – using a bareflash and streetlight on some early summer blossom, a big white shoot through umbrella on a pole over some dense cow’s parsley and then flashing a scene with a nylon sheet over a clothes horse, before swooping my 24mm TS-E off the tripod and down towards a bare white LED buried in bright green leaves (or messing around with focus/shift mid-exposure).
Whilst I’m not about to add any of the shots to my portfolio overnight, it was incredible fun and massively overdelivered in terms of learnings. I’d 100% recommend checking out the podcast, have downloaded the ebook (superbly priced like all Craft & Vision products) and look forward to shooting practice sessions with greater freedom, without the burden of expectation and coming to know the tools, craft and possibilities of photography all the better for it.
Hope you’re well and having an incredible week so far.
I’m an internationally published amateur photographer, best known for long exposure, light painting and street portraits. I’ve been shooting seriously for five years, and have been featured in Advanced Photography, Absolute Photo, Amateur Photographer and Composition (Israel), including 10-12 page features and interviews. I shoot stock for Getty Images, with images used by Lonely Planet, Epson, Sky, BT, Yahoo, Elle Magazine (France) and many others.
Whilst my flickr page has served well as a hub for sharing pictures and thoughts on photography, I wanted a place to share more substantial pieces, as a way of documenting my experiments and experiences, and sharing learnings with others. I’m hoping this site might provide a platform for this purpose. Many thanks for dropping by!